Biotechnology is a science field that lays stress on the genetic manipulation of organisms and living systems for economic or scientific purposes. The products are developed or modified by the experts involved in biotechnology. These experts are called biotechnologists that work in the clinical industry, agriculture or pharmaceutical industries, etc.
This biotechnology field is dependent on observational and research skills. It is the best combination of several disciplines as Biology, Mathematics, and Chemistry. The biotechnologists are a part of the research team and marketing team. Through biotechnology courses, you can learn more about it after class XII.
A biotechnologist is an expert that has in-depth knowledge of series of living structure. It makes use of it in various fields like food, manufacturing, medicine, and agriculture. Several duties are performed by the biotechnologist. The work of biotechnologists depends on the industry type. Most of the experts work in different laboratories.
These jobs includes writing of records, assisting the lab technicians, result in analysis, performing research work and lot more. They are also responsible for setting up the instruments which are used for performing experiments and conducting them. The biotechnology scope is spread across different fields. A biotechnologist can choose a specific area for himself in terms of specialization.
One can get involved in food processing & household products. They are also responsible for making additives and preservatives that are found in the preserved food. The biotechnologists are involved in food items production which includes yeast and soya bean. They also play a vital role in the medical field. They also keep on researching for finding the best solution for different diseases. They work for improving several drugs for the treatments they are used in.
A biotechnologist can also specialize in the agriculture field for plant & animal research. Their main aim is to research different pesticides and their effects on their crops and environment for developing more options. They make use of genetic engineering for developing hybrid vegetables and fruits.
There are some easy steps to become a biotechnologist. This includes:
You must select the science stream in XI class because only those students are eligible for biotechnology courses that are passed in the science stream. You can either go for PCB or PCM stream according to your subjects.
You can also give state level & national level entrance examinations which are organized for admission in different biotechnology courses, to get yourself eligible for quick admission in different colleges.
You can go for a bachelor’s program which includes a bachelor in science or bachelor in technology in biotechnology or any other course of your choice from a well-known college.
Go for an internship through your college
Get a job as a biotechnologist according to your skills and knowledge
Here is the list of some popular biotechnology courses that you can pursue after class XII. Check them out below:
Bachelor of Science in biotechnology is also known as B.Sc in biotechnology. It is a three-year bachelor course that includes the bimolecular and cellular processes for the development of different products and technologies to improve the lives and health of people around.
The candidates that are having an interest in the biotechnology field, can go for this bachelor course in India. It can equip the students well with intermediate knowledge levels essential in this field.
This Bachelor of technology in cellular and molecular engineering is responsible for dealing with cell biology and molecular. In this program, you can study how to prevent and reduce diseases. It is a 4-year course which is segregated in VIII semester. The admission process of this course differs from one institute to other.
The admission in this course is based on the performance of the candidate in the entrance exam of JEE Main or the entrance test organized by the respective college or university. The students who are XII passed from the science stream can enroll in this course. The duration is four years and fees range from 5 Lakh to 8 Lakh every year.
The B.Tech in the field of Industrial microbiology course is also known as the bachelor of technology in industrial microbiology. It is an undergraduate course of biotechnology that deals with the microorganism’s utilization in food manufacturing and different industrial products. This science area joins the chemistry and biology principles for the development of the product in the industrial sector.
It is adjudged as a food microbiology branch. The microorganisms that are used in the process of the industry include natural isolates, engineered organisms, and lab-selected mutants. The students who are passed with science stream in class XII with 60% aggregate marks. The course duration is 4 years. The fees range from 1 Lakh to 1.5 Lakh every year.
The bachelor of technology honors in the field of biotechnology is a bachelor course that teaches about the use of bioprocess in the field of technology, living organisms, medicine, engineering, and other fields where there is a need for bio-products. Such products are used in the manufacturing areas. This concept covers various techniques to modify different living organisms as per human needs.
The students who have passed 10+2 n the science stream are eligible for this course. The duration of this program is four years. The fees of this course range from 50,000 to 3 Lakh every year.
The B.Tech in bioprocess technology or Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology is a bachelor’s degree course that offers the skills and knowledge for understanding the research of fundamental bioprocess and its relevance in top industries. These courses focus on the major areas like a pharmaceutical company, food industry, petrochemical industry, system of pollution control, fuel, and waste treatment, etc.
Bioprocess engineering can include the working of electrical, industrial, and mechanical engineers wherein they make use of principles of different disciplines for processes that are based on the sub-component of cells and living cells. The students who have just passed class XII in the science stream with 50% marks can join this course. The duration of this program is four years. Its fees can range from 1 lakh to 10 lakh every year.
Bachelor of Engineering in the field of Biotechnology or B.E Biotechnology is a bachelor course. It is an applied biology field that involves the best use of medicine, technology, bioprocesses in engineering, etc. It also covers cell and tissue and genetic engineering technologies. It encompasses a different range of procedures to modify living organisms as per human purposes which cover animal domestication, plant cultivation, and improvements of breeding programs that employ hybridization and artificial selection.
It’s a 4-year course which offers many job prospects to the people who completed this course.
Biomedical engineering is one of the renowned fields which has a good scope for its research. It combines well the problem-related skills and engineering designing with medical and biological science for enhancing the healthcare diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy.
It involves the selection method which is CET-based and criteria to select through merit-based. Apart from this the marks obtained in XII or equivalent level by candidates are considered. Many colleges offer admission through CET (Common Entrance Test) and depend on the scores of common entrance exams of all Indian levels like JEE Advanced, JEE Main, and UPSEE. One can also go for a separate entrance test like LPUNEST or BITSAT.
The students, who have scored 70% marks in class XII with the science stream, can only enroll in this course. The duration of this program is four years. The fees range from 50,000 to 5 Lakh every year.
The Bachelor in technology in biotechnology or B.Tech in Biotechnology is a 4-year course. It is an undergraduate engineering program. Just like other programs, this course is also of 4 years, which includes 8 semesters. Every semester is six months long. Both practical and theory sessions are taught in this course, which also includes an internship. The subjects included in this course include:
Biotechnology is a popular field that has a great scope of development and growth of a candidate. It is a sector that is growing fast and once you have done this course, it will be easy for you to get a job in the biotechnology field. A biotech expert can get a job in different sectors which include pharmaceutical companies, manufacturing units, Textile companies, food & drug industry, healthcare sectors, chemical industries, genetic research, etc. Both private and government sector offers endless opportunities to the biotechnology graduates.
Most of the biotechnologies are engaged in the working of research & development, institutions departments, and industries that are involved in the working of biotechnology. From antimicrobial agent production to reagents and consumables to instruments marketing which is used in the application of biotechnology and research about various opportunities? A biotechnologist works in the production department as well.
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